The Role of Information Technology in Business | Business Technology

The role of information technology systems in a business environment can be classified into four broad categories. These categories include function performance, communication through networking, management and enterprise roles.Information technology provides commercial and industrial systems for businesses. These systems enable businesses to function effectively and efficiently.Function IT SystemsFunction IT systems are applications that allow individuals to function effectively in the workplace. Examples of common IT systems that enhance workplace functions are word processor applications, spreadsheet applications, statistical analysis software and computer aided design (CAD) programs. Employees can work and perform their task individually or collectively using these specialized software technologies.


Network IT SystemsNetwork IT systems allow effective communication within and outside an organisation. Examples range from simple e-mail (electronic mail) to blogs, wiki sites, IM (instant messaging) and electronic conferencing systems. These types of technologies promote interaction and collaboration among working groups and also facilitate quick information flow at all levels.Management IT systemsManagement IT systems(MITS) can be defined as planned applications that are designed to process data and transform the processed data into useful information for management decision making.It should be noted that Management Information systems (MIS) are subsets of Enterprise IT systems (this is explained later on in this article). However, because of the vital role MIS play in a business environment, it is considered here as a major information technology for businesses.In a typical scenario, management operates at different levels and so it is possible to apply management information systems at these varied levels.Basic examples of management information systems are human resources management systems, financial management information systems and marketing management information systems.Enterprise IT SystemsEnterprise IT systems are technologies designed to integrate and manage entire business processes for large organisations. Typically, enterprise application software is hosted on large servers over a computer network. Transmission of information can either be internal or external.


Examples of enterprise information systems may be accounting software, health care specific software or Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Another good example of software application within this category is Customer relationship management software (CRM).The role of Information technology in business is wide and varied. It can be said that IT provides a huge range of capabilities that enhance management performance at all levels. It is therefore important to understand the four major categories of IT systems and their functions and roles in a business environment.

Small Business Technology Hiring Tips

Small business owners struggle with staying afloat. Unlike large industrial companies and franchises, small businesses do not have access to unlimited funding capital. Therefore, they cannot afford a large “turnover” in the workplace. One way to eliminate frivolous spending is to incorporate strong hiring practices. Implementing practical hiring techniques ensure small business owners that they are actually hiring, the best candidates for the job.

Employment in the construction industry declined in past years, and in the last few years, this industry has made a “great” comeback. Construction companies are reporting a new high in job growth, as new technology forges them into the new millennium. Construction is not all digging, and hammering. There is a technical side to construction that is continually increasing.

In 2013 construction companies have reported an increase in employment, of close to 2% per month. However, in the month of October a new high in employment reached nearly 3.5%, this is an increase from March. Florida, California and Texas have the highest employment rates in construction. This increase comes from the real estate and energy sectors. Texas led in the increase with 3.23 percent, with California following close behind, and Florida making a noticeable mark, with an increase of 52 percent.

With construction now being in high demand, small businesses are forced to “up their game”, if they want to play in the big leagues. This means investing in employees with construction engineering experience. New machineries, new building materials, in addition to new energy efficient building designs are bombarding the future. From a technological standpoint, construction is coming fast forward into designing “buildings of the future”.

Newly developed vacuum insulated glass, optimized fa├žade window systems, membrane building refurbishment, and electrochromic glazing are new names in construction, but not in technology. Construction companies, especially small businesses are expected to attract and retain technical minded employees.

However the best shot small businesses have at hiring the right workers for the job, is through state assisted training. Many colleges and technical schools are putting up great incentives, for students who want to pursue a career in construction. With computer aided designing, and architectural design, students are more than ready to plunge into a construction career, once they complete their training. With the need of qualified workers being so great, companies are willing to hire competent workers, while they are still n school.

Construction companies can recruit their most qualified applicants, while they are yet learning. This allows the company to get the best workers and the most competent, while students are enhancing and perfecting their skills. This is a win, win solution to filling the construction shortage, and the unemployment gap. New technology in construction, bring these two worlds together in a way, which is profitable for everyone.